Sunnyvale, California, was incorporated in 1912 and is in the metropolitan area, including San Jose, Sunnyvale, and Santa Clara. Sunnyvale is located just 40 miles southeast of San Francisco and is in the heart of the Silicon Valley. It is only 4 miles from San Francisco Bay and is located 25 miles from the Pacific Ocean.
According to the 2020 United States Census, Sunnyvale’s total population was 155,805. It is the county’s second-most populous city (after San Jose) and the seventh most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area. The racial demographic of Sunnyvale is 60,193 (43.0%) White, 2,735 (2.0%) African American, 662 (0.5%) Native American, 57,320 (40.9%) Asian, 638 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 12,177 (8.7%) from other races, and 6,356 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race are 26,517 persons (18.9%).
When the Spanish first arrived here in the late 1700s, Ohlone Indians populated the Santa Clara Valley, where present-day Sunnyvale is located. In the 1870s, what was once a major wheat economy gave way to one based on fruit—the innovation of refrigerated rail cars aided this. In 1905, marine steam engines were produced in the region, its first non-agriculture product.
Since it is one of the major cities that comprises California’s high-tech area known to the world as Silicon Valley, Sunnyvale is the birthplace of the video game industry. It is the former location of Atari headquarters and the location of a fictional computer game company in the 1983 film WarGames. Many tech companies are also headquartered in Sunnyvale, and many more operate there. This includes several aerospace and defense companies.
Sunnyvale was once also the home to Onizuka Air Force Station, often referred to as “the Blue Cube.” This was due to the color and shape of its windowless main building. This facility, previously known as Sunnyvale Air Force Station, was named after the deceased Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut Ellison Onizuka. It once served as an artificial satellite control facility for the U.S. military until August 2010, and has been decommissioned and demolished.
Sunnyvale has a primarily Mediterranean climate, much like the rest of the Bay Area. The average daily high temperature is 79 degrees in July, while the average daily low temperature is 57 degrees. In January, the average daily high temperature is 58 degrees. The January average daily low is 40 degrees.
Sunnyvale’s top employers are Google, Apple, Lockheed Martin Space, Amazon, LinkedIn, Juniper Networks Inc, Walmart, Intuitive Surgical, NetApp, and Microsoft.
There are 476 sprawling acres of parks in the Sunnyvale area. These parks include Las Palmas Park, Washington Park near downtown, Ortega Park, Seven Seas Park, two public golf courses, and Baylands Park, which is the site of the annual Linux Picnic. Charles Street Gardens, which is Sunnyvale’s oldest and largest community garden, is adjacent to the Sunnyvale Public Library. The Santa Clara Unified School District took over the operation of Full Circle Farm Sunnyvale in 2017 and planned to focus the farm on education.
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